Core Competencies for Agricultural Extension Educators
The scope of agricultural extension services (AES) has been widening, and the need to adapt to changing contexts is also growing. The challenges include offering new services, ensuring the quality of services, and strengthening collaboration and synergy among extension service providers (Sulaiman & Davis, 2012). AES should become more participatory, demanddriven and pluralistic (Rivera et al., 2009). This means that, to thrive, extension must understand and adjust to rapid changes and emerging challenges (ECOP, 2002). These calls for organizational changes and new tasks indicate the need for multi-skilled human resources in extension services (Cochran, 2009). Extension workers work in harsh field conditions with limited facilities and with less than well-educated clients (Qamar, 2005). Only trained, motivated and competent staff members can work and succeed in such difficult conditions. Competency of agricultural extension workers is therefore an important issue in both academia and the development sector.